Hungary parliament passes bill defining families, curtailing rights of gay citizens2 min read


The Hungarian National Assembly which is the country’s parliament has passed a bill amending the Hungarian Fundamental Law on Tuesday, which states that a mother is a woman and a father is a man.

According to the amended Hungarian Fundamental Law, the definition of family in its constitution Tuesday to allow an effective ban on adoption by same-sex couples, another win for the ruling conservatives but decried by one pro-LGBTQ group as “a dark day for human rights”.

The bill, which is “intended to strengthen the protection of Hungarian families” and protect children, protects individuals’ rights to self-identify “according to their sex at birth.” The bill states that children will have upbringings based on the values of Hungary’s “constitutional identity and Christian culture.”

“The amended Hungarian Fundamental Law defends the right of children to identify with their birth gender and ensures their upbringing based on our nation’s constitutional identity and values based on our Christian culture,” it says.

Hungary has never allowed gay marriage but still recognises civil unions. Adoption by gay and lesbian couples was possible until now if one partner applied as a single person.

Section L, paragraph one of the amended Hungarian Fundamental Law states: “Hungary protects the institution of marriage as the association between a man and a woman and the family as the basis for the survival of the nation. The foundation of the family is marriage and the parent-child relationship. The mother is a woman, the father is a man.”

The amended Hungarian Fundamental Law also defined public money as “the revenues, expenditures and claims of the state.” This definition of public money was adopted for transparency, although critics claim that the amendment will loosen independent bodies’ oversight of government spending.

The amendment, which is the ninth amendment to Hungary’s constitution, was originally submitted on November 10. On Tuesday, 134 Members of Parliament voted for the bill, and five voted against it.

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